International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences <h1><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">COVID-19 Special Issue</a></h1> <p><strong>RIMCIS is already indexed in the following Data Bases: <a href="">SCOPUS</a>,</strong> <strong><a href=";Word=RIMCIS">Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science)</a></strong>, <strong><a href="">ERIH</a></strong><strong><a href="">PLUS</a></strong>, <a href=""><strong>DIALNET</strong></a>, <strong><a href=";campo=ID&amp;texto=2313">DULCINEA</a></strong>, <strong><a href="{%22query%22:{%22query_string%22:{%22query%22:%22rimcis%22,%22default_field%22:%22bibjson.title%22,%22default_operator%22:%22AND%22}}}">DOAJ</a> </strong>(Directory of Open Access Journals), <strong><a href=";format=full&amp;fIDnum=%7c">SHERPA/RoMEO</a></strong></p> <p>The main objective of the International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences (RIMCIS) is to disseminate scientific knowledge and generate debate in an interdisciplinary context, linking the different areas of social sciences such as anthropology, economy, political science, history, geography, sociology, philosophy. RIMCIS is focused on the analysis of societies, on the study of social problems, and on guidelines needed to overcome them. Thus, it is contributing to a qualitative and social transformation. This will help to the societies' development with a rigorous scientific basis, internationally proved.</p> <p>With this approach, the journal also aims to reflect the outcomes of the major global research in social sciences, four-monthly publishing articles related to researches, relevant theoretical contributions, monographs' reviews, which have contributed to the creation of knowledge related to the broad field of social sciences studies. Jointly and in a multidisciplinary way, RIMCIS pretends to achieve critical and scientific debate based on evidences that contribute to the theoretical and empirical knowledge.</p> <p>RIMCIS will publish articles in Spanish, Catalan, English, French and German in order to be addressed to a national and international audience, social science field researchers, and professionals, who want to base their scientific work on scientific evidence.</p> <p>With a free access and digital broadcasting, the journal aspires to include a multidisciplinary view of social science. This fact is not covered by other editorials of scientific publications.</p> <p><strong>Peer Review Policy: </strong>All research articles in this journal have undergone rigorous double-blind peer review, based on initial editor screening and anonymized refereeing by two anonymous referees.</p> <p>Until October 5th 2013, Hipatia Press scientific journals were published under Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial-NoDerivative License (CC BY NC ND). Hipatia Press journals decided to change the license and use the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) as recommended by the Budapest Open Access Initiative taking into account its commitment with Open Access.</p> Hipatia Press en-US International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences 2014-3680 <p>Open Access Policy: this work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC BY License. </p> <p>All the manuscripts should be available through the Electronic platform where the Journal is based (Open Journal System).</p> <p>Since its foundation in 2012, RIMCIS has not charged <strong>Article Processing Charges (APCs)</strong> to the authors for the publication of their manuscripts. Despite the voluntary work that is carried out, the expenses associated with both the publication process and the necessary services for publication are not covered. From June 19th 2021, these processing charges should be covered by the authors once the articles are accepted. Thus, authors will pay <strong>600 euros</strong> to cover these charges (plus 21% VAT only applicable to payments from institutions, companies, individuals and professionals residing in Spain; individuals residing in the EU, and companies, organizations and professionals residing in the EU without VAT Number).</p> <p>RIMCIS <strong>does not have article's submission charge.</strong></p> Digital literacy and online child abuse among primary school children in Langata Sub-county, Nairobi City County in Kenya <p>Kenya introduced <em>Digischool</em> to public primary schools to prepare children for today’s digital world attracting a cyber-threat landscape. Utilising a descriptive cross-sectional design within a concurrent mixed approach, the study examined the relationship between digital literacy intervention and online child abuse among primary school children in Langata sub-county. Targeted, were children between 9 and 17 years from private and public primary schools, teachers, parents and policy makers and child protection officers. Godden’s formula informed purposive and random sampling of 384 respondents, plus a 10% (423) respondents for Key Informant interviews and focused discussions. Quantitative and qualitative data was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics and content analysis with the help of SPSS version 22 and Nvivo version 12 respectively. The study revealed stakeholders intervened in online child abuse at various levels using a number of strategies. The study revealed a significant relationship between the type of school and exposure to online. Since the p-value (0.000) was less than alpha (0.05) and we conclude there was a significant relationship between the type of school and exposure to online child abuse. There is need for a systems thinking and concerted multi-sectorial approach to improvement of digital literacy hence protecting children online.</p><div><p> </p></div> Wolkins Ndege Muhingi Johnson Nzau Mavole Mumo Nzau Copyright (c) 2021 International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 10 2 1 30 10.17583/rimcis.2021.5566 Fear to Retaliation: The Most Frequent Reason for Not Helping Victims of Gender Violence <div><p>When faced with situations of gender-based violence, one becomes exposed to risk in giving support to the victim (<a href="file:///C:/DrivePatri/Projectes/I+D/2018/FASE_2/SPSS_DEF/Template_Hipatia%20RIMCIS.docx#van_Reemst_2015">van Reemst, Fischer, &amp; WC Zwirs, 2015</a>, <a href="file:///C:/DrivePatri/Projectes/I+D/2018/FASE_2/SPSS_DEF/Template_Hipatia%20RIMCIS.docx#Hamby_2016">Hamby, Weber, Grych, &amp; Banyard, 2016</a>; <a href="file:///C:/DrivePatri/Projectes/I+D/2018/FASE_2/SPSS_DEF/Template_Hipatia%20RIMCIS.docx#Liebst_2018">Liebst, Heinskou &amp; Ejbye-Ernst, 2018</a>). This form of violence, second order of sexual harassment (SOSH), occurs when people who support victims of gender-based violence experience violence themselves because of this positioning (<a href="file:///C:/DrivePatri/Projectes/I+D/2018/FASE_2/SPSS_DEF/Template_Hipatia%20RIMCIS.docx#Vidu_2017">Vidu et al., 2017</a>; <a href="file:///C:/DrivePatri/Projectes/I+D/2018/FASE_2/SPSS_DEF/Template_Hipatia%20RIMCIS.docx#Flecha_2021">Flecha, 2021</a>). There is little research on the subject. Through a quantitative study carried out with 1541 Spaniards over 18 years of age, we provide, for the first time, quantitative evidence of the incidence of SOSH in the responses of people who have been aware of a situation of gender-based violence. Our results show that SOSH is an important obstacle; 40% of people who did not offer help in the case of gender-based violence did not do so for reasons that correspond to SOSH.</p><p>We concluded that the fear of suffering SOSH can condition people’s reactions in the environment, thereby limiting the possibility of female victims of violence receiving help.</p></div> Patricia Melgar Gemma Geis-Carreras Ramon Flecha Marta Soler Copyright (c) 2021 International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 10 2 31 50 10.17583/rimcis.2021.8305 The Effect of Sustainable Development on Economic Complexity in OECD Countries <div><p>Economic complexity showing a holistic measure of countries' economic productive power and characteristics has become a new tool for understanding the dynamics of the economy. Examining the relationship between sustainable development and this new tool is vital in determining new policies. By applying panel data of OECD countries covering different development levels from 1996 to 2017 to a data-driven dynamic econometric model, the research provides fresh insight between sustainable development and economic complexity. The results indicate that economic complexity is significantly affected by sustainable developments’ economic indicators such as GDP, FDI, R&amp;D expenditure, social indicators such as human development, income inequality, and environmental indicators such as production-based CO2 emissions, renewable energy consumption, and greenhouse gas. The research, consequently, suggests that switching to technology and knowledge-based production processes, expanding qualified production factor capacity, raising social living standards, and making investments in the green economy will foster economic complexity while ensuring stable sustainability.</p></div> Sevda Yaprakli Erdemalp Ozden Copyright (c) 2021 International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 10 2 51 80 10.17583/rimcis.7949 Perspectiva de Género en la Educación Universitaria: El Caso de los Grados en Turismo en Cataluña <p>Como recoge el Objetivo de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) número 5, diferentes normativas y la literatura científica, la formación de los directivos en perspectiva de género es una necesidad y requisito para conseguir unas organizaciones que eliminen las normas masculinas invisibles y transformen las relaciones tradicionales de género. Así, uno de los desafíos que afronta la sociedad actual es formar y concienciar a los futuros ejecutivos en la relevancia de la igualdad de género en las estructuras organizativas venideras. En este sentido, el presente artículo tiene como objetivos analizar el diseño de las asignaturas y la asimilación de contenidos por parte del alumnado universitario del Grado en Turismo y del Grado en Gestión Hotelera y Turística de Cataluña acerca de la implantación de las políticas institucionales y de las iniciativas privadas en igualdad de género. Para ello, se realiza una revisión de los planes docentes de las distintas universidades públicas y privadas y se recogen datos acerca del conocimiento del estudiantado a través de un cuestionario dicotómico. Los resultados indican que, a pesar de que la perspectiva de género se está incorporando lentamente en la docencia universitaria de los grados en turismo, todavía queda un largo recorrido. Consecuentemente, los conocimientos que manifiesta tener el estudiantado acerca de esta temática son todavía mínimos.</p> Ester Noguer-Juncà Montserrat Crespi-Vallbona Copyright (c) 2021 International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 10 2 81 111 10.17583/rimcis.8156