Learning from Lacunae in Research: Making Sense of Teachers’ Labor Activism

Authors

  • Lois Weiner
  • Chloe Asselin

https://doi.org/10.17583/remie.2020.5090

Keywords:


Downloads

Abstract

How does educational research inform understanding of the current labor activism among U.S. teachers and illuminate teachers’ capacity when they are organized as workers to challenge neoliberal educational policies? To address these questions we examine critical research on teachers’ work and teachers unions from 2000-2019, scrutinizing knowledge production about teachers’ work and the role of teachers unions in contesting and conceding to reform, and analyzing how ideological assumptions about capitalism, labor, race, class, and gender configure the amount and nature of scholarship on teachers unions. We explain why scholarship on school reform should include attention to teacher unionism, re-conceptualizing tensions between what are understood as “social justice” struggles and defense of teachers’ professional interests, livelihoods, and working conditions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Lois Weiner

New Jersey City University - retired full professor. Currently an independent researcher.

References

Author (1993).

Google Scholar Crossref

Author (2000, Fall).

Google Scholar Crossref

Author (2012).

Google Scholar Crossref

Author (2019).

Google Scholar Crossref

… & Author (2008).

Google Scholar Crossref

…& Author (Forthcoming).

Google Scholar Crossref

Achinstein, B., Ogawa, R. T., & Speiglman, A. (2004). Are we creating separate and unequal tracks of teachers? The effects of state policy, local conditions, and teacher characteristics on new teacher socialization. American Educational Research Journal, 41(3), 557-603.

Google Scholar Crossref

Acker, S. (1999). The realities of teachers' work. Never a dull moment. New York: Cassell.

Google Scholar Crossref

Allen, H. L. (1998). Faculty workload and productivity: Gender comparison (ERIC ED416776). Washington, D.C.:. National Education Association. The NEA 1998 Almanac of Higher Education).

Google Scholar Crossref

American Educational Research Association, S. I. G. o. T. W. T. U. (n.d.). Who we are. Retrieved 5 June 2019, from American Educational Research Association: <https://www.aera.net/SIG127/Who-We-Are>.

Google Scholar Crossref

Anderson, G. L., & Cohen, M. I. (2018). The New Democratic Professional in Education. Confronting Markets, Metrics, and Managerialism. New York: Teachers College Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Antonucci, M. (2018, 11 April). How much control do unions have over teacher walkouts in West Virginia, Kentucky, and Arizona? Not as much as you'd think. The 74, Union Report. Retrieved from https://www.the74million.org/article/union-report-how-much-control-do-unions-have-over-teacher-walkouts-in-west-virginia-kentucky-and-arizona-not-as-much-as-youd-think/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Anyon, J. (1994). The retreat of Marxism and socialist feminism: Postmodern and poststructural theories in education. Curriculum Inquiry, 24(2), 115-133.

Google Scholar Crossref

Anyon, J., & Greene, K. (2007, Spring). No Child Left Behind as an anti-poverty measure. Teacher Education Quarterly, 34, 157-162.

Google Scholar Crossref

Apple, M. (2005, November). Doing things the 'right' way: Legitimating educational inequalities in conservative times. Educational Review. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/44836400_Doing_things_the_'right'_way_Legitimating_educational_inequalities_in_conservative_times

Google Scholar Crossref

Aronowitz, S. (2011, 15 December). No-Strike clauses hold back unions. Labor Notes (Detroit, Michigan). Retrieved from https://www.labornotes.org/blogs/2011/12/no-strike-clauses-hold-back-unions

Google Scholar Crossref

Aronowitz, S. (2014). The death and life of American labor: Toward a new workers' movement. New York: Verso.

Google Scholar Crossref

Ashby, S., & Bruno, R. (2016). A fight for the soul of public education: The story of the Chicago teachers strike. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Au, W. (2007). High-stakes testing and curricular control: A qualitative metasynthesis. Educational Researcher, 36(5), 258-267.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bartlett, L., Frederick, M., Gulbrandsen, T., & Murillo, E. (2002). The marketization of education: Public schools for private ends. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 33(1), 5-29.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bascia, N. (1997). Teacher unions and teacher professionalism in the U.S.: Reconsidering a familiar dichotomy. In B. J. Biddle, T. L. Good & I. F. Goodson (Eds.), International Handbook of Teachers and Teaching, Volume 1 (pp. 437-458). Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bascia, N. (1998). Women teachers, union affiliation, and the future of North American teacher unionism. Teaching and Teacher Education, 14(5), 551-563.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bascia, N. (1999, April). The other side of the equation: Professional development and the organizational capacity of teacher unions. Presented at the American Educational Research Association, Montreal.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bascia, N., & Rottman, C. (2011). What's so important about teachers' working conditions? The fatal flaw in North American educational reform. Journal of Education Policy, 26(6), 787-802.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bass III, G. N. (2017). (https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/classracecorporatepower/vol5/iss1/7). Review: Building Global Labor Solidarity in a Time of Accelerating Globalization, edited by Kim Scipes. Class, Race, and Corporate Power, 5(1), Article 7. DOI: 10.25148/CRCP.5.1.001675

Google Scholar Crossref

Bearman, P. (2015, December). Big data and historical social science. Big Data & Society. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951715612497

Google Scholar Crossref

Behrent, M. (2016, 1 June). More than a score: Neoliberalism, testing, and teacher evaluations. Workplace: A Journal for Academic Labor, 26(Educate. Agitate. Organize: New and Not-So-New Teacher Movements), N.p. Retrieved 2 August 2016, from https://ices.library.ubc.ca/index.php/workplace/article/view/186006.

Google Scholar Crossref

Benson, H. (2010, 17 May). Does "union democracy" undermine "solidarity?" In Response to "Card Check: Labor's Charlie Brown Moment?" by Robert Fitch (http://newpol.org/print/content/card-check-labors-charlie-brown-moment?nid=178 ) (Blog). Retrieved 10 June 2010, from New Politics: http://newpol.org/content/does-union-democracy-undermine-solidarity

Google Scholar Crossref

Bhattacharya, T. (2017). Mapping social reproduction theory. In T. Bhattacharya (Ed.), (pp. 1-20). London: Pluto Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bhattacharya, T., Blanc, E., Griffiths, K. D., & and Weiner, L. (2018). Return of the strike: A forum on the teachers' rebellion in the United States. Historical Materialism, 26(4), 1-46.

Google Scholar Crossref

Biklen, S. K. (1995). School work. Gender and the cultural construction of teaching. New York: Teachers College Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Black Lives Matter at School. Week of Action National Demands. Retrieved 20 December 2019, from https://blacklivesmatteratschool.com/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Blackwell, P. J. (2000). Education reform and teacher education. The missing discourse of gender. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education.

Google Scholar Crossref

Blanc, E. (2019). Red State Revolt. New York: Verso.

Google Scholar Crossref

Blanc, E. (2019,10 October). How Bernie helped spark the teachers' revolt. The Jacobin. Retrieved 15 October 2019, from https://jacobinmag.com/2019/10/bernie-sanders-teachers-strikes-movement-building.

Google Scholar Crossref

Blanc, E., & Gong, J. (2018, 21 November). How class should be central. Jacobin. Retrieved 2 April 2019, from https://jacobinmag.com/2018/11/democratic-socialism-class-organizing-racism-sexism.

Google Scholar Crossref

Blount, J. M. (2005). Fit to teach : Same-sex desire, gender, and school work in the twentieth century. Albany, NY: State Univ. of New York.

Google Scholar Crossref

Booher-Jennings, J. (2005). Below the bubble: 'Educational triage' and the Texas Accountability System. American Educational Research Journal, 42(2), 231-268.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bourdieu, P. (1998). Acts of resistance. Against the tyranny of the market. New York: The New Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Boyd, W. L., Plank, D. N., & Sykes, G. (2000). Teachers unions in hard times. In T. Loveless (Ed.), Teachers unions and educational reform (pp. 174-210). Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Bradbury, A., Brenner, M., Brown, J., Slaughter, J., & and Winslow, S. (2014). How to Jump-Start Your Union: Lessons from the Chicago Teachers. Detroit: Labor Notes.

Google Scholar Crossref

Brass, J. (2014). English, literacy and neoliberal policies: Mapping a contested moment in the United States. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, 13(1), 122-133.

Google Scholar Crossref

Brickner, R. K. (2016, Spring/Printemps). Tweeting care: Educators' dissent through social media in the U.S. and Canada. Labour / Le Travail, 77, 11-36.

Google Scholar Crossref

Brogan, P. M. (2016). Our union, our city: Teacher rebellion and urban change in Chicago and New York City (PhD Dissertation, York University, Toronto, Graduate Program in Geography).

Google Scholar Crossref

Brown, A. E., Stern. (2018, Winter). Teachers' work as women's work: Reflections on gender, activism, and solidarity in new teacher movements. Feminist Formations, 30(3), 172-197.

Google Scholar Crossref

Caref, C., & Jankov, P. (2012, Februay). The schools Chicago's students deserve: research-based proposals to strengthen elementary and secondary education in the Chicago Public Schools(Vol. Chicago Teachers Union). .

Google Scholar Crossref

Carlson, D. (2004, February). Leaving children behind: Urban education, class politics, and the machines of transnational capitalism. Workplace, 6(1) Retrieved 24 July 2004, from http://www.louisville.edu/journal/workplace/issue6p1/carlson.html

Google Scholar Crossref

Carr Steelman, L., Powell, B., & Carini, R. M. (2000, Winter). Do teacher unions hinder educational performance? Lessons learned from state SAT and ACT scores. Harvard Educational Review, 70, 437-466.

Google Scholar Crossref

Catone, K. (2016). The Pedagogy of Teacher Activism: Portraits of Four Teachers for Justice. New York: Peter Lang.

Google Scholar Crossref

Chicago Teachers Union. (2019, 15 November). CTU members vote overwhelmingly to accept tentative agreement with CPS. Retrieved 16 November 2019, from Chicago Teachers Union: https://www.ctulocal1.org/posts/ctu-members-vote-overwhelmingly-to-accept-tentative-agreement-with-cps/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Cohen, D., & Lizotte, C. (2015). Teaching the market: Fostering consent to education markets in the United States. Environment and Planning A, 47(9), 1824-1841.

Google Scholar Crossref

Connell, R. (2009, October). Good teachers on dangerous ground: Towards a new view of teacher quality and professionalism. Critical Studies in Education, 50(3), 213-229. DOI: 10.1080/17508480902998421

Google Scholar Crossref

Connell, R., & Dados, N. (2014, 4 March). Where in the world does neoliberalism come from? The market agenda in southern perspective. Theory and Society, 43(2), 117-138.

Google Scholar Crossref

Connell, R. W. (1995). Transformative labour: Theorizing the politics of teachers' work. In M. B. Ginsburg (Ed.), Studies in education/politics: Vol. 915. The politics of educators' work and lives (pp. 91-114). Garland Reference Library of Social Science. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.

Google Scholar Crossref

Cowen, J. M., & Strunk, K. O. (2015-2016). The impact of teachers' unions on educational outcomes: What we know and what we need to learn. Economics of Education Review, 48, 208-223.

Google Scholar Crossref

Cowen, J., & Strunk, K. O. (2014, April). How Do Teachers' Unions Influence Education Policy? What We Know and What We Need to Learn (Working Paper #42). Michigan State University:. Education Policy Center at Michigan State University.

Google Scholar Crossref

Crenshaw, K. (1989). Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago, Legal Forum, 1(8), 139-167.

Google Scholar Crossref

Dandala, S. (2019, 23 May). Teacher social justice unionism and the field of industrial relations in the United States. Journal of Labor and Society, pp. 1-14. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/wusa.12426

Google Scholar Crossref

Division of Labor Force Statistics, BLS. (2019a, 18 January). Economic news release. Union members summary. Retrieved 20 December 2019, from Division of Labor Force Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: https://www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.nr0.htm.

Google Scholar Crossref

Division of Labor Force Statistics, BLS. (2019b, 8 February). Economic news release. Work stoppages summary. Retrieved 20 December 2019, from Division of Labor Force Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: https://www.bls.gov/news.release/wkstp.nr0.htm.

Google Scholar Crossref

Draper, H. (1966/Available online: https://www.marxists.org/archive/draper/1966/twosouls/index.htm>). The two souls of socialism. New Politics, 5(1), 57-84.

Google Scholar Crossref

Du Bois, W. E. B. (1962/1935). Black Reconstruction in America, 1860-1880. New York: The Free Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Dyke, E. (2019, 22 April). Red state rebels: Impacts of the 2018 K12 education strike wave on schools and labor. Presented at the Women's Faculty Council Research Symposium, Oklahoma State University. Stillwater, OK.

Google Scholar Crossref

Dyke, E., & Muckian-Bates, B. (2019, 6 November). Social movements gave rise to the "teachers' revolt" not Bernie. New Politics. Retrieved 6 November 2019, from https://newpol.org/authors/muckian-bates-brendan/.

Google Scholar Crossref

D'Amico, D. D. (2016). Teachers' rights versus students' rights. Race and professional authority in the New York Public Schools, 1960-1986. American Educational Research Journal, 53(3), 541-572.

Google Scholar Crossref

Early, S. (2004, December). Rediscovering two labor intellectuals. WorkingUSA, 8(2), 233-238.

Google Scholar Crossref

Educational Resources Information Center. (2019, 25 June). Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Edwards, H. S. (2014, 30 October). The war on teacher tenure. Time Magazine, 184.

Google Scholar Crossref

Flannery, M. E., & Jehlen, A. (2008, 14 March). Where is your pay plan heading? NEA Today. Retrieved 21 August 2019, from <http://www.nea.org/home/4221.htm>

Google Scholar Crossref

Fletcher, B., & Gapasin, F. (2008). Solidarity Divided: The Crisis in Organized Labor and a New Path Toward Social Justice. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Foster, M. (1994, Spring). The role of community and culture in school reform efforts: Examining the views of African-American teachers. Educational Foundations, 8(2), 5-26.

Google Scholar Crossref

Freedman, S. (1987). Teacher 'burnout' and institutional stress. In J. Ozga (Ed.), Schoolwork. Approaches to the labour process of teaching (pp. 133-145). Philadelphia: Open Univ. Press. Milton Keynes.

Google Scholar Crossref

Freedman, S. (1990). Weeding woman out of 'woman's true profession':The effects of the reforms on teaching and teachers. In J. Antler & S. K. Biklen (Eds.), Changing education. Women as radicals and conservators (pp. 239-

Google Scholar Crossref

French, L. (2016, 11 January). Detroit teacher 'sick-out' shuts down dozens of public schools. Time Magazine. Retrieved from https://time.com/4175203/detroit-teacher-sick-out-schools/

Google Scholar Crossref

Friedman, E. D. (2018, May-June). What's behind the teachers' strikes? The labor-movement dynamic of teacher insurgencies. Dollars&Sense. Retrieved 02 September 2018, from http://dollarsandsense.org/archives/2018/0518edfriedman.html

Google Scholar Crossref

Gautreaux, M. (2019). Unionism: Contemplating a radical social movement unionism for the post-Janus U.S. labor movement. In D. R. Ford (Ed.), Keywords in Radical Philosophy and Education (pp. 477-489). Boston: Brill Sense.

Google Scholar Crossref

Georgii-Hemming, E. (2017, Spring). What is quality? The political debate on education and its implications for pluralism and diversity in music education. Philosophy of Music Education Review, 25(1), 67-86.

Google Scholar Crossref

Giroux, H. A. (2004, Winter). Critical pedagogy and the postmodern/modern divide: Towards a pedagogy of democratization. Teacher Education Quarterly, 31, 31-47.

Google Scholar Crossref

Gitlin, A. (2001, May). Bounding teacher decision making: The threat of intensification. Educational Policy, 15, 227-257.

Google Scholar Crossref

Goldstein, D. (2018a, 20 March). Their pay has stood still. Now Oklahoma teachers could be the next to walk. New York Times. Retrieved 20 March 2018, from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/20/us/oklahoma-teachers-strike.html.

Google Scholar Crossref

Goldstein, D. (2018b, 16 May). Why the teacher walkout movement won't reach every state. New York Times. Retrieved 16 May 2018, from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/16/us/teacher-walkout-north-carolina.html.

Google Scholar Crossref

Goldstein, R. A. (2011, July). Imaging the frame: Media representations of teachers, their unions, NCLB, and education reform. Educational Policy, 25(4), 543-576.

Google Scholar Crossref

Golin, S. (2002). The Newark teacher strikes. Hopes on the line. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Goodman, D. J. (2000, December). Motivating people from privileged groups to support social justice. Teachers College Record, 102, 1061-1085.

Google Scholar Crossref

Gordon, J. A. (2000). The color of teaching. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.

Google Scholar Crossref

Grumet, M. R. (1995). At home and in the classroom: The false comfort of false distinctions. In M. B. Ginsburg (Ed.), Studies in education/politics: Vol. 915. The politics of educators' work and lives (pp. 55-71). Garland Reference Library of Social Science. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.

Google Scholar Crossref

Gunderson, M. (2015, 17 April). Teachers compare notes. Labor Notes(433). Retrieved 5 May 2016, from Labor Education and Research Project: http://www.labornotes.org/2015/04/teachers-compare-notes

Google Scholar Crossref

Gusterson, H. (2017). From Brexit to Trump: Anthropology and the rise of nationalist populism. American Ethnologist, 44(2), 209-214.

Google Scholar Crossref

Gutierrez, R. R., & Waitoller, F. (2017, 5 June). Introduction to the special issue: Restructuring and resisting education reforms in Chicago's public schools. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 24(53). Retrieved from https://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/3061.

Google Scholar Crossref

Gutstein, E., & Lipman, P. (2013, June). The rebirth of the Chicago Teachers Union and possibilities for a counter-hegemonic education movement. Monthly Review, 65(2), N.p. Retrieved 23 September 2013, from http://monthlyreview.org/2013/06/01/the-rebirth-of-the-chicago-teachers-union-and-possibilities-for-a-counter-hegemonic-education-movement

Google Scholar Crossref

Hagopian, J. (2015, 19 September). Seattle Black Lives Matter Organizers: 'We are in full support' of the Seattle educator strike! [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://iamaneducator.com/2015/09/19/seattle-black-lives-matter-organizers-we-are-in-full-support-of-the-seattle-educator-strike/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Hagopian, J., & Green, J. T. (2012). Teachers' unions and social justice. In J. Bale & S. and Knopp (Eds.), Education and Capitalism. Struggles for Learning and Liberation (pp. 141-175). Chicago: Haymarket Books.

Google Scholar Crossref

Harvey, D. (2005). A brief history of neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Henze, R., Lucas, T., & Scott, B. (1998, September). Dancing with the monster: Teachers discuss racism, power, and white privilege in education. The Urban Review, 30, 187-210.

Google Scholar Crossref

Herr, K., & Arms, E. (2004). Accountability and single-sex schooling: A collision of reform agendas. American Educational Research Journal, 41(3), 527-555.

Google Scholar Crossref

Hertel-Fernandez, A., Naidu, S., & Reich, A. (2019, 29 October). Do Teacher Strikes Make Parents Pro- or Anti-Labor? The Effects of Labor Unrest on Mass Attitudes ( Washington Center for Equitable Growth, Ed.). Retrieved 12 November 2019, from https://equitablegrowth.org/working-papers/do-teacher-strikes-make-parents-pro-or-anti-labor-the-effects-of-labor-unrest-on-mass-attitudes/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Hibbert, K. M., Heydon, R. M., & and Rich, S. J. (2008). Beacons of light, rays, or sun catchers? A case study of the positioning of literacy teachers and their knowledge in neoliberal times. Teaching and Teacher Education, 24(2), 303-315.

Google Scholar Crossref

Ingersoll, R. M. (2003). Who controls teachers' work? Power and accountability in America's schools. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

James, C.L.R. & McLemee, S. (2012, September). The revolutionary answer to the Negro problem in the United States. A report delivered by C. L. R. James in presenting the draft resolution on the Negro Question to the Thirteenth Convention of the Socialist Workers Party (US), July 5, 1948. International Socialist Review, 85. Retrieved from Center for Economic Research and Social Change: https://isreview.org/issue/85/revolutionary-answer-negro-problem-united-states.

Google Scholar Crossref

Johnson, M. (2017). Organizing for North Carolina: Social movement unionism in a southern state. Peabody Journal of Education, 92(1), 127-140.

Google Scholar Crossref

Jones, B. (2015). Keys to the schoolhouse: Black teachers, privatization, and the future of teacher unions. In B. Picower & E. and Mayorga (Eds.), What's Race Got to Do with It?: How Current School Reform Policy Maintains Racial and Economic Inequality (pp. 81-101). New York: Peter Lang.

Google Scholar Crossref

Jordan, J. (2002, January/February). Review of 'Transforming Teacher Unions: Fighting for Better Schools and Social Justice.' Against the Current, 96. Retrieved 20 June 2019, from Solidarity. A socialist, feminist, anti-racist organization: https://solidarity-us.org/atc/96/p1305/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Karp, S., & Sanchez, A. (2018, Summer). The 2018 wave of teachers strikes: A turning point for our schools? Rethinking Schools, 32(4). Retrieved 20 December 2019, from Rethinking Schools: https://www.rethinkingschools.org/articles/the-2018-wave-of-teacher-strikes.

Google Scholar Crossref

Kauffman, D., Johnson, S. M., Kardos Susan M., Liu, E., & Peske, H. G. (2002, March). 'Lost at sea': New teachers' experiences with curriculum and assessment. Teachers College Record, 104, 273-300.

Google Scholar Crossref

Kerchner, C. T., Koppich, J. E., & Weeres, J. G. (1997). United Mind Workers. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Google Scholar Crossref

Koppich, J. E. (1993). The rocky road to reform. In C. Taylor Kerchner, J. E. Koppich & W. with Ayers, et al. (Eds.), A union of professoinals: Labor relations and educational reform (pp. 136-157). New York: Teachers College Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Krutka, D. G., Tutaleni I. Asino. (2018). Editorial: Eight lessons on networked teacher activism from #OklaEd and the #OklaEdWalkout. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 18(2), 379-391. Retrieved 02 December 2018, from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/183635/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Kuehn, L. (2004). Leaning between conspiracy and hegemony: OECD, UNESCO and the tower of PISA. In M. Moll (Ed.), Passing the test. The false promises of standardized testing (pp. 57-66). Ottawa CA: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.

Google Scholar Crossref

Ladson-Billings, G. (2006). From the achievement gap to the education debt: Understanding achievement in U.S. schools. Educational Researcher, 35(7), 3-12.

Google Scholar Crossref

Leonardo, Z. (2009). Race, Whiteness, and Education. New York: Routledge.

Google Scholar Crossref

Lichtenstein, N. (2013). A contest of ideas. Capital, politics, and labor. Urbana: Univeristy of Illinois Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Lichtenstein, N. (2019, 7 January). L.A. teachers prepare to strike. Here's what's at stake. Dissent Online, Blog. Retrieved 8 January 2019, from Dissent: https://www.dissentmagazine.org/blog/l-a-teachers-prepare-to-strike.

Google Scholar Crossref

Lipman, P. (2000, Fall). Bush's education plan, globalization, and the politics of race. Cultural Logic, 4(1). Retrieved 4 January 2002, from http://eserver.org/clogic/4-1/lipman.html

Google Scholar Crossref

Lipman, P. (2011). The New political economy of urban education: Neoliberalism, race, and the Right to the City. New York: Taylor and Francis.

Google Scholar Crossref

Lipman, P. (2017, 5 June). The landscape of education 'reform' in Chicago: Neoliberalism meets a grassroots movement. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 25(54). Retrieved from https://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/2660.

Google Scholar Crossref

Maher, F. A., & Thompson Tetreault, M. K. (1997, Summer). Learning in the dark: How assumptions of whiteness shape classroom knowledge. Harvard Educational Review, 67(2), 321-332.

Google Scholar Crossref

Mann, K. (2014). Social movement literature and U.S. labour: A reassessment. Studies in Social Justice, 8(2), 165-179.

Google Scholar Crossref

Marshall, C., Tichnor-Wagner, A., & and Johnson, M. (2017). Moral Mondays and the defense of public education: The Fusion Movement against ALEC-influenced legislation in North Carolina. Peabody Journal of Education, 92(1), 90-102.

Google Scholar Crossref

Maton, R. M. (2018). From neoliberalism to structural racism: Problem framing in a teacher-led activist organization. Curriculum Inquiry, 48(3), 293-315.

Google Scholar Crossref

McCartin, J. A. (2006). Bringing the state's workers in: Time to rectify an imbalanced US labor historiography. Journal of Labor History, 47(1), 73-94.

Google Scholar Crossref

McCollow, J. (2017). Teacher unions. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education (pp. 1-26). Oxford University Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

McDonald, K. (2008, December). Organizing at the margins: Women shape the labor movement. WorkingUSA: The Journal of Labor and Society,· 11.409-412.

Google Scholar Crossref

McIntyre, A. (1997, Summer). Constructing an image of a white teacher. Teachers College Record, 98(4), 653-681.

Google Scholar Crossref

McLaren, P. (1997, Fall). Decentering whiteness: In search of a revolutionary multiculturalism. Multicultural Education, 5(1), 4-11.

Google Scholar Crossref

McLaughlin, M. W., Talbert, J. E., & Bascia, N. (1990). The contexts of teaching in secondary schools. New York: Teachers College Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

McNally, D. (2017). Intersections and dialectics: Critical reconstructions in social reproduction theoryT. Bhattacharya (Ed.), (pp. 94-111). London: Pluto Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

McNeil, L. M. (2000). Contradictions of school reform. Educational costs of standardized testing. New York: Routledge.

Google Scholar Crossref

McNeil, L. M., Coppola, Radigan, J., & Vasquez Heilig, J. (2008, January). High-stakes accountability and the dropout crisis. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 16(3). Retrieved 2 August 2008, from http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v16n3/v16n3.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Michie, G. (2005). See you when we get there : Teaching for change in urban schools . New York: Teachers College Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Moody, K. (1997). Workers in a lean world: Unions in the international economy. New York: Verso.

Google Scholar Crossref

Moore Johnson, S. (2004). Paralysis or possibility: What do teacher unions and collective bargaining bring. In R. W. Henderson, W. Urban & P. Wolman (Eds.), Teacher Unions and Education Policy: Retrenchment or Reform (pp. 33-50). West Yorkshire, England: Emerald Group Publishing.

Google Scholar Crossref

Moore Johnson, S. & Kardos, S. M. (2000). Reform bargaining and its promise for school improvement. In T. Loveless (Ed.), Teachers unions and educational reform (pp. 7-46). Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Morris, C. (2018, 19 February). West Virginia teachers Are planning to stage a walkout this week. Fortune, Briefing. Education. Retrieved 20 March 2018, from http://fortune.com/2018/02/19/west-va-teachers-walkout/

Google Scholar Crossref

Murnane, R. J., & Levy, F. (1996). Teaching the new basic skills. New York: The Free Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Murphy, J. P., Strothers, A. S., & Lugg, C. A. (2017). Jersey-Style neoliberalism: Governor Christopher Christie, crony capitalism, and the politics of K-12 education. Peabody Journal of Education, 92(1), 115-126.

Google Scholar Crossref

Murphy, M. (1990). Blackboard unions. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Murphy, M. (2018, 11 May). Militancy in many forms: Teachers strikes and urban insurrection, 196774. Retrieved 20 June 2018, from Verso: https://www.versobooks.com/blogs/3798-militancy-in-many-forms-teachers-strikes-and-urban-insurrection-1967-74.

Google Scholar Crossref

Noonan, S., Farmer, S., & Huckaby, F. (2014, February). A sea of red: Chicago Teachers Union members reflect on how the social organizing model of unionism helped win the union's 2012 contract campaign. Retrieved 20 December 2019, from https://www.ctulocal1.org/reports/sea-of-red/.

Google Scholar Crossref

Nuñez, I., Michie Gregory, & Konkol, P. (2015). Worth Striking For: Why Education Policy is Every Teacher’s Concern. Lessons from Chicago. New York: Teachers College Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Peck, J. (2016). The right to work, and the right at work. Economic Geography, 92(11), 4-30.

Google Scholar Crossref

Perry, J. B. (2010). The developing conjuncture and some insights from Hubert Harrison and Theodore W. Allen on the centrality of the fight against white supremacy. Cultural Logic: A Journal of Marxist Theory and Practice, 17. Retrieved from https://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/clogic/issue/view/182839.

Google Scholar Crossref

Peterson, B. (2014-2015, Winter). A revitalized teacher union movement. Rethinking Schools, 29(2). Retrieved 29 August 2017, from Rethinking Schools: https://www.rethinkingschools.org/articles/a-revitalized-teacher-union-movement-reflections-from-the-field.

Google Scholar Crossref

Peterson, B., & Charney, M. (Ed.). (1999). Transforming Teacher Unions: Fighting for Better Schools and Social JusticeB. Peterson & M. Charney (Eds.). MIlwaukee: Rethinking Schools.

Google Scholar Crossref

Picower, B. (2011). Resisting compliance: Learning to teach for social justice in a neoliberal context. Teachers College Record, 113(5). Retrieved 3/25/2011, from http://www.tcrecord.org/library (ID Number: 16090)

Google Scholar Crossref

Picower, B., & Mayorga, E. (2015). Introduction. In B. Picower & E. and Mayorga (Eds.), What's Race Got To Do With It?: How Current School Reform Policy Maintains Racial And Economic Inequality (p. n.p.). New York: Peter Lang.

Google Scholar Crossref

Pish Harrison, J. (2013). Teacher unionism, civil rights, and the desegregation of the Boston Public Schools, 1963-1981 (Diss, Georgetown University, Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences) (p. 281).

Google Scholar Crossref

Pitzer, H. (2010). 'What's best for kids' vs. teacher unions: How Teach for America blames teacher unions for the problems of urban schools [Electronic version]. Workplace. A Journal for Academic Labor, 17(Working In, and Against, the Neo-Liberal State: Global Perspectives on K-12 Teacher Unions), 61-74. .

Google Scholar Crossref

Poole, W. L. (2000, Spring). The construction of teachers' paradoxical interests by teacher union leaders. American Educational Research Journal, 37, 93-119.

Google Scholar Crossref

Povey, H., Adams, G., & and Everley, R. (2017). 'Its influence taints all': Urban mathematics teachers resisting performativity through engagement with the past. Journal of Urban Mathematics Education, 10(2), 52-65.

Google Scholar Crossref

Ravitch, D. (2013). Reign of error. The hoax of the privatization movement and the danger to America's public schools. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Google Scholar Crossref

Richards, E. (2019, 18 June). Strikes, pay raises & charter protests: America's teachers' exhausting, exhilarating year. USA Today. Retrieved from <https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/education/2019/06/18/teacher-pay-raises-strike-last-day-of-school-summer/1437210001/?fbclid=IwAR1lDxp_6-bQ6poeORLQv5DdXBd9cE_5TfcyyrJ3FPAlzAkjNFk6Z_s4Bc0>.

Google Scholar Crossref

Riley, K. (2015, Spring). Reading for change: Social justice unionism book groups as an organizing tool. Perspectives on Urban Education, 12(1). Retrieved from http://www.urbanedjournal.org/archive/volume-12-issue-1-spring-2015/reading-change-social-justice-unionism-book-groups-organizing-

Google Scholar Crossref

Robert, S. A. (2015). Neoliberal Education Reform: Gendered Notions in Global and Local Contexts. New York: Routledge.

Google Scholar Crossref

Robertson, S. L. (2000). A class act. Changing teachers' work, globalisation and the state. New York: Falmer Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Robertson, S. L. (2008). "Remaking the World": Neoliberalism and the transformation of education and teachers' labor, in M. Compton & L. Weiner (Eds.), (pp. 11-30). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Google Scholar Crossref

Roediger, D. (2006, July-August). The retreat from race and class. Monthly Review, 58(3). Retrieved 20 August 2019, from <http://www.davidroediger.org/articles/the-retreat-from-race-and-class.html>

Google Scholar Crossref

Ross, S. (2007, Autumn). Varieties of social unionism: Towards a framework for comparison. Just Labour: A Canadian Journal of Work and Society, 11(16-34).

Google Scholar Crossref

Rottman, C. (2013). Social justice teacher activism. A key to union vitality. In Erika Shaker (Ed.), On the front lines: Teachers, unions, and social progress- (pp. 73-81). Ottawa CA: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. Retrieved from https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/National%20Office/2013/11/osos113_SocialJusticeTeacherActivism.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Rousmaniere, K. (2001). White silence: A racial biography of Margaret Haley. Equity and Excellence in Education, 34(2), 7-15.

Google Scholar Crossref

Salazar Perez, M., & Cannell, G. S. (2011). Disaster capitalism as neoliberal instrument for the construction of early childhood educatino/care policy: Charter schools in Post-Katrina New Orleans. International Critical Childhood Policy Studies, 4(1), 47-68.

Google Scholar Crossref

Saltman, K. J. (2005). The Edison Schools. Routledge: New York.

Google Scholar Crossref

Saltman, K. J. (2018). The Swindle of Innovative Educational Finance. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Sanes, M., & Schmitt, J. (2014, March). Regulation of Public Sector Collective Bargaining in the States. Washington, D.C.:. Center for Economic and Policy Research.

Google Scholar Crossref

Schirmer, E. B. (2017). When solidarity doesn't quite strike: The 1974 Hortonville, Wisconsin teachers; strike and the rise of neoliberalism. Gender and Education, 29(1), 8-27.

Google Scholar Crossref

Shelton, J. (2013). Against the public: The Pittsburgh teachers strike of 1975-1976 and the crisis of the labor-liberal coalition. Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas, 10(2), 55-75.

Google Scholar Crossref

Shiller, J. (2015, 1 May). Speaking back to the neoliberal discourse on teaching: How US teachers use social media to redefine teaching. In Critical Education series The Media and the Neoliberal Privatization of Education. Critical Education, 6(9). Retrieved 24 September 2017, from http://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/criticaled/article/view/184931

Google Scholar Crossref

Singh, N. (1999, Fall/Winter). Irritants or apologists: A reply to Michael Kazin. New Labor Forum, pp. 32-37.

Google Scholar Crossref

Smith, S. R. (2014). Organizing for Social Justice: Rank-and-File Teachers' Activism and Social Unionism in California, 1948-1978 [Diss] (p. 494).

Google Scholar Crossref

Smith, S. S., & Mickelson, R. A. (2000, Summer). All that glitters is not gold: School reform in Charlotte-Mecklenburg. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 22, 101-127.

Google Scholar Crossref

Smyth, J., Dow, A., Hattam, R., Reid, A., & Shacklock, G. (2000). Teachers' work in a globalizing economy. New York: Falmer Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Solano-Flores, G., & Trumbull, E. (2003, March). Examining language in context: The need for new research and practice paradigms in the testing of English-language learners. Educational Researcher, 32, 3-13.

Google Scholar Crossref

Sondel, B. L. (2017, 1 March). The new teachers' roundtable: A case study of collective resistance. Critical Education, 8(4). Retrieved 20 June 2019, from https://ices.library.ubc.ca/index.php/criticaled/article/view/186165.

Google Scholar Crossref

Stark, L. (2019). ‘We're Trying to Create a Different World': Educator Organizing in Social Justice Caucuses (PhD dissertation, University of Virginia, Curry School of Education). Https://libraetd.lib.virginia.edu/public_view/h415pb135.

Google Scholar Crossref

Stern, M., Brown, A. E., & Hussain, K. (2016). Editors' introduction: Educate. Agitate. Organize: New and Not-So-New Teacher Movements. Workplace. A Journal for Academic Labor, 26. Retrieved from <https://ices.library.ubc.ca/index.php/workplace/issue/view/182552>.

Google Scholar Crossref

Stevenson, H. (2010). Special issue introduction [Electronic version]. Workplace. A Journal for Academic Labor, 17(Working In, and Against, the Neo-Liberal State: Global Perspectives on K-12 Teacher Unions), 1-10. .

Google Scholar Crossref

Stevenson, H. (2017). The 'datafication' of teaching: Can teachers speak back to the numbers? Peabody Journal of Education, 92(4), 537-557. http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/45195/).

Google Scholar Crossref

Tarlau, R. (2019, 22 February). What's behind the teacher strikes: Unions focus on social justice, not just salaries. Inequality.org, Research and Commentary. Retrieved 24 May 2019, from https://inequality.org/research/teacher-strikes-unions-social-justice/

Google Scholar Crossref

Tattersall, A. (2010). Power in Coalition: Strategies for Strong Unions and Social Change. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Taylor, C. (2018). Review of 'Teacher Strike! Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order,' by Jon Shelton. Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas, 15(4), 167-168.

Google Scholar Crossref

The Holmes Group. (1995). Tomorrow's Schools of Education. East Lansing: Author.

Google Scholar Crossref

Uetricht, M. (2014). Strike for America: Chicago Teachers Against Austerity. New York: Verso.

Google Scholar Crossref

United Teachers of Los Angeles. (2019, July). Building the power to reclaim our schools. Reclaim our schools Los Angeles, United Teachers of Los Angeles and the collaboration behind the 2019 teachers strike. Retrieved 18 August 2019, from <http://reclaimourschoolsla.org/>

Google Scholar Crossref

Urban, W. J. (1982). Why teachers organized. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Urbanski, A. (1998, Summer). TURNing unions around. Contemporary Education, 69(4), 186-190.

Google Scholar Crossref

Weber, E. (2007, September). Globalization,“glocal” development, and teachers’ work: A research agenda. Review of Educational Research, 77(3), 279-309.

Google Scholar Crossref

Weiner, L. (2018, Summer). Walkouts teach U.S. labor a new grammar for struggle. New Politics, Vol:XVII, Whole #65 (1), 3-13. Retrieved from http://newpol.org/content/walkouts-teach-us-labor-new-grammar-struggle-0

Google Scholar Crossref

Will, M. (2019, 6 February). Denver teachers to strike over merit pay system. Education Week, N.p. Retrieved 8 March 2019, from <https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/02/06/denver-teachers-to-strike-over-merit-pay-system.html>.

Google Scholar Crossref

Zeichner, K. (2010, November). Competition, economic rationalization, increased surveillance, and attacks on diversity: Neo-liberalism and the transformation of teacher education in the U.S. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(8), 1544-1552.

Google Scholar Crossref

Zeichner, K. M. (1995). Beyond the divide of teacher research and academic research. Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice, 1(2), 153-172.

Google Scholar Crossref

Downloads

Published

2020-10-09

Almetric

Dimensions

How to Cite

Weiner, L., & Asselin, C. (2020). Learning from Lacunae in Research: Making Sense of Teachers’ Labor Activism. Multidisciplinary Journal of Educational Research, 10(3), 226–270. https://doi.org/10.17583/remie.2020.5090