The The New Intercultural Alternative Masculinities for the Overcoming of Violence

Authors

  • Ana Toledo del Cerro Universitat de Barcelona

https://doi.org/10.17583/mcs.10268

Keywords:


Downloads

Type:

Texto

Abstract

The role of masculinities in overcoming gender violence has been studied in different research studies. However, the role of new masculinities in overcoming violence from an intercultural perspective has not been dealt with in depth. This article presents the current state of the art on studies of new masculinities, aiming to clarify which models of masculinity offer interethnic possibilities for overcoming violence. Thus, a review of the scientific literature in international reference databases has been carried out. First, the dichotomy between the hegemonic model of masculinities that perpetuates violence and inequality, but is socially attractive, versus models of masculinity that have achieved great changes in terms of overcoming inequality, but without attractiveness, is presented. In the second section, we describe how the new model of alternative masculinity combines ethics and desire, thus overcoming the double standard between the two. This represents possibilities for men who want to contribute to overcoming gender violence by participating in more egalitarian relationships that unite ethics and passion.  Interethnic studies are presented that are based on this new model of alternative masculinity and that also breaks with white hegemony, thus breaking down racist prejudices and offering even more possibilities from this cultural diversity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Ana Toledo del Cerro, Universitat de Barcelona

Department of Sociology - University of Barcelona

References

Adler, P. A., Kless, S. J., & Adler, P. (1992). Socialization to Gender Roles : Popularity among Elementary School Boys and Girls. Sociology of Education, 65(3), 169–187. https://doi.org/10.2307/2112807

Google Scholar Crossref

Ahmetoglu, G., & Swami, V. (2012). Do Women Prefer “Nice Guys”? The Effect of Male Dominance Behavior on Women’s Ratings of Sexual Attractiveness. Social Behavior and Personality, 40, 667-672.https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2012.40.4.667

Google Scholar Crossref

Aubert, A., Melgar, P., & Valls, R. (2011). Communicative Daily Life Stories and Focus Groups: Proposals for overcoming Gender-based Violence Among Teenagers. Qualitative Inquiry, 17, 295–303. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077800410397808

Google Scholar Crossref

Barton, E. R. (Ed.). (2000). Mythopoetic perspectives of men's healing work: An anthology for therapists and others. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Pub Text.

Google Scholar Crossref

Baily, J. (2015). Contemporary British Feminism : Opening the Door to Men ? Social Movement Studies, 14(4), 443.458. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14742837.2014.947251

Google Scholar Crossref

Brannon, R., & David, D. (1976). The male sex role: Our culture’s blueprint of manhood, and what it’s done for us lately. In The forty-nine percent majority: The male sex role (pp. 1–48). Boston: Addison-Wesley.

Google Scholar Crossref

Chávez, Y., & Marchant, J. P. (2014). Nuevas Masculinidades en desplazamiento: Construcciones sociales y culturales del significado de ser hombre. Una mirada desde Chile y Colombia. Tabula Rasa, (21), 287–303. https://doi.org/10.25058/20112742.15

Google Scholar Crossref

Connell, R., & Messerschdmidt, J. W. (2005). Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the Concept. Gender & Society, 19(6), 829–859. https://doi.org/10.1177/0891243205278639

Google Scholar Crossref

Connell, R. (2012). Masculinity Research and Global Change. Masculinities and Social Change, 1(1), 4¬18. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4471/MCS.2012.01

Google Scholar Crossref

Dawley, W. (2018). From Wrestling with Monsters to Wrestling with God: Masculinities, "Spirituality," and the Groupization of Religious Life in Northern Costa Rica. Anthropological Quarterly, 91(1), 79–131. https://doi.org/10.1353/anq.2018.0003

Google Scholar Crossref

del Rio Almagro, A., & Pastrana de la Flor, M. . (2018). Artistic Strategies in the Face of the Questioning of Hegemonic Masculinity in Western Society : From the crisis at the end of 20th Century to its Resurgence Today. Masculinities and Social Change, 7(2), 153–177. https://doi.org/10.17583/MCS.2018.2813

Google Scholar Crossref

Desrochers, S. (1995). What Types of Men Are Most Attractive and Most Repulsive to Women? Sex Roles, 32(5–6). https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01544603

Google Scholar Crossref

Díaz-Aguado, M. J. (2003). Adolescencia, sexismo y violencia de género. Papeles del psicólogo, 23(84), 35-44. Retrieved from http://www.papelesdelpsicologo.es/resumen?pii=1053

Google Scholar Crossref

Díaz-Aguado, M. J. (2005). La violencia entre iguales en la adolescencia y su prevención desde la escuela. Psicothema, 17(4), 549-558. Retrieved from http://www.psicothema.com/pdf/3144.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Díaz-Aguado, M. J. (2006). Del acoso escolar a la cooperación en las aulas. Madrid: Pearson.

Google Scholar Crossref

Diez-Palomar, J., Capllonch, M., & Aiello, E. (2014). Analyzing Male Attractiveness Models From a Communicative Approach: Socialization, Attraction, and Gender-Based Violence. Qualitative Inquiry, 20, 844–849. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077800414537205

Google Scholar Crossref

Duque, E. (Ed.) (2015). IDEALOVE&NAM. Socialización preventiva de la violencia de género. (Vol. 53). Madrid. España: CNIEE. Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. ISBN: 978-84-369-5642-9

Google Scholar Crossref

Duque E, Melgar P, Gómez-Cuevas S and López de Aguileta G (2021) “Tell Someone,”to Both Women and Men. Front. Psychol. 12:673048. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.673048

Google Scholar Crossref

Elliot, K. (2016). Caring Masculinities: Theorizing an Emerging Concept. Men and Masculinities, 169(3), 240–259. https://doi.org/10.1177/1097184x15576203

Google Scholar Crossref

Fair, B. (2011). Constructing Masculinity through Penetration Discourse: The Intersection of Misogyny and Homophobia in High School Wrestling. Men and Masculinities, 14(4), 491–504. https://doi.org/10.1177/1097184X10375936

Google Scholar Crossref

Fine, M., & Glendinning, C. (2005). Dependence, independence, or inter-dependence? Revisiting the concepts of "care" and "dependency." Aging and Society, 25(4), 601–621. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X05003600

Google Scholar Crossref

Flecha, A. (2010). Las hijas de las feministas. el feminismo del siglo xxi: ¿declive o democratización? Revista de La Asociación de Sociología de La Educación |, 3(3), 325–335. http://hdl.handle.net/2072/438834

Google Scholar Crossref

Flecha, A., Puigvert-Mallart, L., & Redondo-Sama, G. (2005). Socialización preventiva de la violencia de género. Feminismo/s, 6, 107-120. https://doi.org/10.14198/fem.2005.6.08

Google Scholar Crossref

Flecha, R., Puigvert, L., & Rios, O. (2013). The New Alternative Masculinities and the overcoming of gender-based violence. International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences, 2(1), 88-113. https://doi.org/10.4471/rimcis.2013.14

Google Scholar Crossref

Gilmore, D. (1990). Manhood in the Making: Cultural Concepts of Masculinity. New Haven, CO: Yale University Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Gomez, J. (2015). Radical Love: A revolution for the 21st century. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.

Google Scholar Crossref

González Pagés, J. C. (2010). Macho, varón, masculino: Estudios de masculinidades en Cuba. La Habana: Editorial de la Mujer.

Google Scholar Crossref

Good, G. E., & Wood, P. (1995). Male gender role conflict, depression, and help-seeking: Do college men face double jeopardy? Journal of Counseling & Development, 74(1), 70–75. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1995.tb01825.x

Google Scholar Crossref

Grosswirth-Katchan, D. (2019). Challenging hegemonic masculinity by a performance of ethnic habitus. Gender Work Organ, 26, 1489–1505. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12401

Google Scholar Crossref

Haney, C. (2011). The perversions of prison: On the origins of hypermasculinity and sexual violence in confinement. Am. Crim. L. Rev., 48, 121.

Google Scholar Crossref

Hardy, E., & Jiménez, A. L. (2001). Masculinidad y género. Revista Cubana de Salud Pública, 27(2), 77–88. Retrieved from http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0864-34662001000200001

Google Scholar Crossref

Hindman, D. (2001). Mythopoetic Perspectives of Men's Healing Work: An Anthology for Therapists and Others edited by Edward Read Barton. Journal of Men's Studies, 10(1), 101. https://doi.org/10.3149/jms.1001.99

Google Scholar Crossref

hooks, b. (2000). Feminism is for Everybody: Passionate politics. United Kingdom: Pluto Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Hunter, A., & Davis, J. (1992). Constructing gender: An Exploration of Afro-American Men’s Conceptualization of Manhood. Gender & Society, 6(3), 464–479. https://doi.org/10.1177/089124392006003007

Google Scholar Crossref

Hurtado, A., & Sinha, M. (2008). More Than Men: Latino Feminist Masculinities and Intersectionality. Sex Roles, 59, 337–349. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-008-9405-7

Google Scholar Crossref

Javaid, A. (2018). Male rape, masculinities, and sexualities. International journal of law, crime, and justice, 52, 199-210. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlcj.2017.12.003

Google Scholar Crossref

Jewkes, R., & Morrell, R. (2010). Gender and sexuality: emerging perspectives from the heterosexual epidemic in South Africa and implications for HIV risk and prevention. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 13(6), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-13-6

Google Scholar Crossref

Joanpere, M. & Morlà, T. (2019). Nuevas Masculinidades Alternativas, la lucha con y por el feminismo en el contexto universitario. Masculinities and Social Change, 8(1),42-63. : http://doi.org/10.17583/MCS.2019.3936

Google Scholar Crossref

Joanpere M, Redondo-Sama G, Aubert A and Flecha R. (2021). I Only Want Passionate Relationships: Are You Ready for That? Front. Psychol. 12:673953. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.673953

Google Scholar Crossref

Kaplan, D., & Knoll, E. (2019). A Cultural Model of Parenthood as Engineering: How Caregiving Fathers Construct a Gender-Neutral View of the Parent Role. Journal of Family Issues, 40(3), 363-389. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513x18811387

Google Scholar Crossref

Karp, D. R. (2010). Unlocking men, unmasking masculinities: Doing men’s work in prison. The Journal of Men Studies, 18, 63–83. https://doi.org/10.3149/jms.1801.63

Google Scholar Crossref

Khalfaoui-Larrañaga, A., Alvarez, P., Gutiérrez-Esteban, P., & Flecha, R. (2021). “I Also Like it that People Care about Me.” Children’s Dialogues on Values, Emotions, and Feelings in Dialogic Literary Gatherings. Journal of Language, Identity & Education, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/15348458.2021.1956318

Google Scholar Crossref

Kimmel, M. S. (1987). Changing men: New directions in research on men and masculinity. New York: Sage Publications, Inc.

Google Scholar Crossref

Kimmel, M.S. (2004) Masculinity as homophobia: fear, shame, and silence in the construction of gender identity. In P.F- Murphy, P.F. (Ed.) Feminism and masculinities (pp.182-199). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Google Scholar Crossref

Lemle, R., & Mishkind, M. (1989). Alcohol and masculinity. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 6(4), 213–222. https://doi.org/10.1016/0740-5472(89)90045-7

Google Scholar Crossref

Leonardi, B., & Staley, S. (2015). Affirm gender and sexual diversity within the school community. Phi Delta Kappan, 97(3), 69-73. https://doi.org/10.1177/0031721715614832

Google Scholar Crossref

López de Aguileta, G., Torras-Gómez, E., García-Carrión, R., & Flecha, R. (2020). The emergence of the language of desire toward nonviolent relationships during the dialogic literary gatherings. Language and Education, 34(6), 583-598. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500782.2020.1801715

Google Scholar Crossref

Mahalik, J. R., & Defranc, W. (2002). Masculine Gender Role Conflict and Stress to Parental Attachment and Separation Prod: Masculine Gender Role Conflict and Stress about Parental Attachment and Separation. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 31(1), 51. https://doi.org/10.1037/1524-9220.3.1.51

Google Scholar Crossref

Mahalik, J. R., Lagan, H. D., & Morrison, J. A. (2006). Health behaviors and masculinity in Kenyan and U. S. male college students. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 7(4), 191. https://doi.org/10.1037/1524-9220.7.4.191

Google Scholar Crossref

Mahalik, J. R., & Rochlen, A. (2006). Men’s likely responses to clinical depression: What are they and do masculinity norms predict them? Sex Roles, 55(9–10), 659–667. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-006-9121-0

Google Scholar Crossref

Mayes, L. C., Cohen, D. J., Schowalter, J. E., & Granger, R. H. (2003). The Yale Child Study Center guide to understanding your child: Healthy development from birth to adolescence. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.

Google Scholar Crossref

McDaniel, A. K. (2005). Young Women’s Dating Behavior: Why / Why Not Date a Nice Guy? Sex Roles, 53(5/6 September). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-005-6758-z

Google Scholar Crossref

McGuire, J. K., Anderson, C. R., Toomey, R. B., & Russell, S. T. (2010). School climate for transgender youth: A mixed-method investigation of student experiences and school responses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(10), 1175-1188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9540-7

Google Scholar Crossref

Mead, M. (2001). Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies. New York: Harper Collins.

Google Scholar Crossref

Melgar-Alcantud, P., Puigvert, L., Ríos, O.; & Duque, E., (2021). Language of Desire: A Methodological Contribution to Overcoming Gender Violence. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. https://doi.org/10.1177/16094069211034597

Google Scholar Crossref

Messerschmidt, J. W. (2020). Becoming a Super-Masculine “Cool Guy”: Reflexivity, Dominant and Hegemonic Masculinities, and Sexual Violence. Boyhood Studies, 13(2), 20-35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3167/bhs.2020.130203

Google Scholar Crossref

Morrell, R. (1998). Of boys and men: masculinity and gender in Southern African studies. Journal of Southern African Studies, 24(4), 605-630. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057079808708593

Google Scholar Crossref

Nazareno, E., Vidu, A., Merodio, G., & Valls, R. (2022). Men Tackling Isolating Gender Violence to Fight against Sexual Harassment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19 (4),1924. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19041924

Google Scholar Crossref

O’Neil, J. (1981). Patterns of gender role conflict and strain: Sexism and fear of femininity in men’s lives. The Personnel and Guidance Journal, 60(4), 203–210. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2164-4918.1981.tb00282.x

Google Scholar Crossref

Olavarría, J. (2003). Los estudios sobre masculinidades en América Latina: Un punto de vista. Anuario Social y Político de América Latina y El Caribe, 6, 91–98. Retrieved from http://www.pasa.cl/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/Los_Estudios_sobre_Masculinidades_en_America_Latina_Olavarria_Jose.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Olivius, E. (2016, May). Refugee men as perpetrators, allies, or troublemakers? Emerging discourses on men and masculinities in humanitarian aid. In Women's Studies International Forum (Vol. 56, pp. 56-65).

Google Scholar Crossref

Padrós-Cuxart, M., Aubert-Simón, A., & Melgar, P. (2010). Models to attract adolescents: Preventive socialization duties of gender-based violence. Pedagogía Social: Revista Interuniversitaria, 1723(17), 73–82. Retrieved from https://dialnet.unirioja.es/descarga/articulo/3189919.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Padrós, M. (2012). Attractiveness Male Models in Adolescence. Masculinities & Social Change, 1(2), 165–183. https://doi.org/10.4471/MCS.2012.10

Google Scholar Crossref

Padrós, M. (2014). A Transformative Approach to Prevent Peer Violence in Schools Contributions From Communicative Research Methods. Qualitative Inquiry, 20((7)), 916–922. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077800414537217

Google Scholar Crossref

Powell-Hammond, W., & Mattis, J. (2005). Being a Man About It: Manhood Meaning Among African American Men. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 6(2), 114. https://doi.org/10.1037/1524-9220.6.2.114

Google Scholar Crossref

Puigvert, L. (2014). Preventive socialization of gender violence: Moving forward using the communicative methodology of research. Qualitative Inquiry, 20(7), 839-843. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077800414537221

Google Scholar Crossref

Puigvert-Mallart, L.; Cullell, R.C.; Canal, J.M.; García-Yeste, C. Reducing Health Effects on Deceit in Heterosexual Sexual-Affective Relationships: The Impact of the Preventive Socialization Program (PSP). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 2274. https:// doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042274

Google Scholar Crossref

Puigvert, L., Gelsthorpe, L., Soler-Gallart, M. & Flecha, R. (2019). Girls’ perceptions of boys with violent attitudes and behaviors, and sexual attraction. Palgrave Communications, 5(56), https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-019-0262-5

Google Scholar Crossref

Ramazanoglu, C. (1992, May). What can you do with a man?: Feminism and the critical appraisal of masculinity. In Women's Studies International Forum (Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 339-350). Pergamon.

Google Scholar Crossref

Redondo-Sama, G., Morlà-Folch, T., Burgués, A., Amador, J,, & Magaraggia,S. (2021). Create Solidarity Networks: Dialogs in Reddit to Overcome Depression and Suicidal Ideation among Males. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(22), 11927. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211927

Google Scholar Crossref

Rios, O. (2015). New masculinities and pedagogy of freedom. Intangible Capital, 11(3), 485-507. https://doi.org/10.3926/ic.654

Google Scholar Crossref

Rios-Gonzalez, O., Puigvert-Mallart, L., Sanvicén-Torné, P., & Aubert-Simón, A. (2019). Promoting zero violence from early childhood: a case study on the prevention of aggressive behavior in Cappont Nursery. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 27(2), 157-169. https://doi.org/10.1080/1350293x.2019.1579544

Google Scholar Crossref

Ríos-González, O.; Ramis-Salas, M.; Peña-Axt, J.C.; Racionero-Plaza, S. (2021). Alternative Friendships to Improve Men’s Health Status. The Impact of the New Alternative Masculinities’ Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, 2188. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042188

Google Scholar Crossref

Roca-Campos, E., Duque, E., Ríos, O., & Ramis-Salas, M. (2021). The Zero Violence Brave Club: a successful intervention to prevent and address bullying in schools. Frontiers in psychiatry, 855. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.601424

Google Scholar Crossref

Rodrigues-Mello, R., Bonell-García, L., Castro-Sandúa, M., & Oliver-Pérez, E. (2021). “Three Steps Above Heaven? Really? That’s All Tactic!” New Alternative Masculinities Dismantling Dominant Traditional Masculinity’s Strategies. Frontiers in psychology, 12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.673829

Google Scholar Crossref

Rudman, L. A., & Phelan, J. E. (2007). The interpersonal power of feminism: ¿Is feminism good for romantic relationships? Sex Roles, 57(11–12), 787–799. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-007-9319-9

Google Scholar Crossref

Ruiz-Eugenio L.; Toledo del Cerro, A.; Crowther J.; Merodio G. (2021). Making Choices in Discourse: New Alternative Masculinities Opposing the “Warrior’s Rest”. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.674054

Google Scholar Crossref

Schermerhorn, N. E., Vescio, T. K., & Lewis, K. A. (2022). Hegemonic masculinity predicts support for US political figures accused of sexual assault. Social psychological and personality science, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/19485506221077861

Google Scholar Crossref

Schubert, T., Aguilar, C., Kim, K. H., & Gómez, A. (2021). Stop Blaming me for What Others Did to you: New Alternative Masculinity’s Communicative Acts Against Blaming Discourses. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1448. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.673900

Google Scholar Crossref

Serradell, O., Santa Cruz, I., & Mondejar, E. (2015). Can the men's movement attract young men? The men in dialogue association. Journal of Gender Studies, 24(6), 677-688. https://doi.org/10.1080/09589236.2013.872556

Google Scholar Crossref

Soler-Gallart, M. (2017). The Dialogic Self: Preventive Socialization. In Achieving Social Impact (pp. 43-68). Springer, Cham.

Google Scholar Crossref

Stoudt, B. G. (2006). “You're Either In or You're Out” School Violence, Peer Discipline, and the (Re) Production of Hegemonic Masculinity. Men and masculinities, 8(3), 273-287. https://doi.org/10.1177/1097184X05282070

Google Scholar Crossref

Subašić, E., Reynolds, K. J., & Turner, J. C. (2008). The political solidarity model of social change: Dynamics of self-categorization in intergroup power relations. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12(4), 330–352. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868308323223

Google Scholar Crossref

Suerbaum, M. (2018). Defining the Other to Masculinize Oneself: Syrian Men’s Negotiations of Masculinity during Displacement in Egypt. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 43(3), 655–686. https://doi.org/10.1086/695303

Google Scholar Crossref

Szabo, M. K. (2014, May). “I'm a real catch”: The blurring of alternative and hegemonic masculinities in men's talk about home cooking. In Women's Studies International Forum (Vol. 44, pp. 228-235). Pergamon.

Google Scholar Crossref

Tienari, J., & Taylor, S. (2018). Feminism and men: ambivalent space for acting up. Organization, 26(6), 948–960. https://doi.org/10.1177/1350508418805287

Google Scholar Crossref

Unnever, J. D., & Chouhy, C. (2021). Race, racism, and the Cool Pose: Exploring Black and White male masculinity. Social Problems, 68(2), 490-512. https://doi.org10.1093/socpro/spaa010

Google Scholar Crossref

Urbaniak, G. C., & Kilmann, P. R. (2003). Physical Attractiveness and the "Nice Guy Paradox": Do Nice Guys Finish Last? Sex Roles, 49(9–10), 413–426. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025894203368

Google Scholar Crossref

Valls, R., Puigvert, L., & Duque, E. (2008). Gender-based violence among teenagers: Socialization and prevention. Violence against women, 14(7), 759-785. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801208320365

Google Scholar Crossref

van Zomeren, M., Leach, C. W., & Spears, R. (2010). Does group efficacy increase group identification? Resolving their paradoxical relationship. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(6), 1055–1060. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2010.05.006

Google Scholar Crossref

Villaseñor-Farías, M., & Castañeda-Torres, J. D. (2003). Masculinidad, sexualidad, poder y violencia: Análisis de significados en adolescentes. Salud Publica de Mexico, 45 (SUPPL. 1). https://doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342003000700008

Google Scholar Crossref

Wiley, S., Srinivasan, R., Finke, E., Firnhaber, J., & Shilinsky, A. (2013). Positive Portrayals of Feminist Men Increase Men’s s Solidarity With Feminists and Collective Action Intentions. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 37(1), 61–71. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684312464575

Google Scholar Crossref

Zubiri-Esnaola, H., Gutiérrez-Fernández, N., & Guo, M. (2021). “No More Insecurities”: New Alternative Masculinities' Communicative Acts Generate Desire and Equality to Obliterate Offensive Sexual Statements. Frontiers in psychology, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.674186

Google Scholar Crossref

Downloads

Published

2022-10-21

Almetric

Dimensions

How to Cite

Toledo del Cerro, A. (2022). The The New Intercultural Alternative Masculinities for the Overcoming of Violence. Masculinities &Amp; Social Change, 11(3), 211–236. https://doi.org/10.17583/mcs.10268

Issue

Section

Articles