Perceived Servant Leadership Style of Principals Correlates with Job Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers in Pakistan

Autores/as

  • Saghir Ahmad Hazara University
  • Ayesha Batool Lahore College for Women University
  • Dr. Nauman Ahmed Abdullah Virtual University of Pakistan

https://doi.org/10.17583/ijelm.9169

Resumen

Servant leadership is a type of leadership that encourages people to work together. A leader intends to help the institution’s personnel favorably. The school leader interacts with teachers and administrative staff as a collegial friend rather than a boss and tries to make things as easy as possible for them. The major goal of this study was to see if there was a correlation between servant leadership and job satisfaction among secondary school teachers in Pakistani settings. The study’s participants were male and female public sector secondary school teachers from the districts of Lahore and Kasur, of Punjab province, Pakistan. The sample was chosen using a stratified random sampling technique. A total of 510 teachers participated in the study as a sample. In this study, adapted  questionnaires with responses measured on a five-point Likert type scale was used. Both variables, perceived servant leadership style of principals and work satisfaction of teachers showed a strong association. Further sub-factors correlations showed significant results. It is proposed that school principals adopt servant leadership style as it would be more beneficial for them to ease and comfort the school employees that might improve the institutional performance.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Referencias

Aboramadan, M., Dahleez, K., & Hamad, M. H. (2020). Servant leadership and academics outcomes in higher education: The role of job satisfaction. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 29(3), 562-584. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ijoa-11-2019-1923

Google Scholar Crossref

Aksoy, C., Sengun, H. I., & Yilmaz, Y. (2018). Examination of the relationship between job satisfaction levels and organizational commitments of tourism sector employees: A research in the Southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 17(65), 356-365. https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.343032

Google Scholar Crossref

Al-Asadi, R., Muhammed, S., Abidi, O., & Dzenopoljac, V. (2019). Impact of servant leadership on intrinsic and extrinsic job satisfaction. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 40(4), 472-484. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/lodj-09-2018-0337

Google Scholar Crossref

Al-Mahdy, Y. F., Al-Harthi, A. S., & Salah El-Din, N. S. (2016). Perceptions of school principals’ servant leadership and their teachers’ job satisfaction in Oman. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 15(4), 543-566. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15700763.2015.1047032

Google Scholar Crossref

Alonderiene, R., & Majauskaite, M. (2016). Leadership style and job satisfaction in higher education institutions. International Journal of Educational Management, 30(1), 140-164. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ijem-08-2014-0106

Google Scholar Crossref

Alsiewi, A. M., & Agil, S. O. S. (2014). Factors that influence Affective Commitment to teaching in Libya. Journal of Business and Management, 16(2), 37-46. https://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jbm/papers/Vol16-issue2/Version-3/F016233746.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Anderson, C. (1982). The search for school climate: A review of the research. Review of Educational Research, 52, 368-420. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543052003368

Google Scholar Crossref

Argandona, A. (2014). Humility in management. Journal of Business Ethics, 132, 63-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-014-2311-8

Google Scholar Crossref

Atefi, N., Abdullah, K. L., Wong, L. P., & Mazlom, R. (2014). Factors influencing registered nurses perception of their overall job satisfaction: a qualitative study. International Nursing Review, 61(3), 352-360. https://doi.org/10.1111/inr.12112

Google Scholar Crossref

Avolio, B., Walumbwa, F., & Weber, T. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 421-449. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/managementfacpub/37

Google Scholar Crossref

Ayamolowo, S. J., Irinoye, O., & Oladoyin, M. A. (2013). Job satisfaction and work environment of primary health care nurses in Ekiti state, Nigeria: An exploratory study. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 6(3), 531-542.

Google Scholar Crossref

http://internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/27.%20Ayamolowo%20.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Batagiannis, S. (2007). Leadership guided by courage: A challenge to instantaneous perfection. The Journal of Educational Thought, 42(2), 145-164. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23767319

Google Scholar Crossref

Barnes, A. C. (2015). Servant leadership for higher education. Journal of College and Character, 16(2), 131-133. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2194587X.2015.1024798

Google Scholar Crossref

Bilge, H., Virlanuta, F. O., Zungun, D., barbuta-Misu, N., Comuk, P., & Guven, E. T. A. (2021). Generation Y’s perception of servant leadership and job satisfaction. Economies, 9(24), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/economies9010024

Google Scholar Crossref

Bitterstaff, J. K. (2012). The relationship between teacher perceptions of elementary school principal leadership style and job satisfaction. (Published doctoral dissertation). https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/diss/22

Google Scholar Crossref

Black, G. L. (2010). Correlational analysis of servant leadership and school climate. Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, 13(4), 437-466. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ914879.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Bogler, R., & Nir, A. E. (2012). The importance of teachers’ perceived organizational support to job satisfaction : What’s empowerment got to do with it?. Journal of Educational Administration, 50(3), 287-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09578231211223310

Google Scholar Crossref

Bowling, N., & Cucina, J. (2015). Robert Hoppock: Early job satisfaction and vocational guidance pioneer. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 53(2). https://moam.info/robert-hoppock-early-job-satisfaction-and-_5a83af6f1723dde84625e38d.html

Google Scholar Crossref

Canan, H, O, S., & Oksay, A. (2015). The relationship between organizational commitment and job satisfaction in nurses. Journal of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences of Suleyman Demirel University, 20(4), 1-24.

Google Scholar Crossref

Cerit, Y. (2009). The effects of servant leadership behaviours of school principals on teachers’ job satisfaction. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 37(5), 600-623. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1741143209339650

Google Scholar Crossref

Community Tool Box. (2013). Servant leadership: Accepting and maintaining the call of service. https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/leadership/leadership-ideas/servant-leadership/main

Google Scholar Crossref

Courtney, C., & Younkyoung, K. (2017). Intentions to turnover. Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 38(2), 194-209.

Google Scholar Crossref

Cronley, C., & Kim, Y. K., (2017). Intentions to turnover: Testing the moderated effects of organizational culture, as mediated by job satisfaction, within the Salvation Army. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 38(2), 194-209. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-10-2015-0227

Google Scholar Crossref

Dunklee, D. R. (2000). If you want to lead, not just manage: A primer for principals. Corwin Press Inc.

Google Scholar Crossref

Ebener, D. R., & O'Connell, D. J. (2010). How might servant leadership work? Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 20(3), 315-335. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/How-might-servant-leadership-work-Ebener-O%27Connell/bd23333cf27e0c07d1bc31db7d1570ff1a9b8615

Google Scholar Crossref

Farrington, S. M., & Lillah, R. (2019), Servant leadership and job satisfaction within private healthcare practices. Leadership in Health Services, 32(1), 148-168. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHS-09-2017-0056

Google Scholar Crossref

Green, C., & Heywood, J. S. (2008). Does performance pay increase job satisfaction? Economica, 75(300), 710-728. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0335.2007.00649.x

Google Scholar Crossref

Grisaffe, D. B., VanMeter, R., & Chonko, L. B. (2016). Serving first for the benefit of others: preliminary evidence for a hierarchical conceptualization of servant leadership. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 36(1), 40-58.

Google Scholar Crossref

https://doi.org/10.1080/08853134.2016.1151303

Google Scholar Crossref

Guillaume, O., Honeycutt, A., & Savage-Austin, A. R. (2013). The Impact of Servant Leadership on Job Satisfaction. Journal of Business and Economics, 4(5), 444-448. http://www.acadecstar.us/

Google Scholar Crossref

Hall, A. T., Zinko, R., Perryman, A. A., & Ferris, G. R. (2009). Organizational citizenship behavior and reputation: Mediators in the relationships between accountability and job performance and satisfaction. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 15(4), 381-392. https://doi.org/10.1177/1548051809331504

Google Scholar Crossref

Harris, K., Hinds, L., Manansingh, S., Rubino, M., & Morote, E. S. (2016). What type of leadership in higher education promotes job satisfaction and increases retention? Journal for Leadership and Instruction, 15(1), 27-32. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1097552.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Hernandez, M. (2008). Promoting stewardship behavior in organizations: A leadership model. Journal of Business Ethics, 80(1), 121-128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-007-9440-2

Google Scholar Crossref

Hoppock, R. (1935). Age and job satisfaction. Psychological Monographs, 47(2), 115-118. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0093408

Google Scholar Crossref

Hoppock, R. (1937). Job satisfaction of psychologists. Journal of Applied Psychology, 21(3), 300-303. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0057579

Google Scholar Crossref

Iqbal, H. M. (2012). Education in Pakistan (Developmental Milestone). Ministry of Education.

Google Scholar Crossref

Jaramillo, F., Bande, B., & Varela, J. (2015). Servant leadership and ethics: A dyadic examination of supervisor behaviors and salesperson perceptions. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 35(2), 108-124. https://doi.org/10.1080/08853134.2015.1010539

Google Scholar Crossref

Jit, R., Sharma, C. S., & Kawatra, M. (2017). Healing a broken spirit: Role of servant leadership. Vikalpa: The Journal for Decision Makers, 42(2), 80-94. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0256090917703754

Google Scholar Crossref

Kloep, M., & Tarifa, F. (1994). Working conditions, workstyleand job satisfaction among albanian teachers. International Review of Education, 4(2), 159-172. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01103691

Google Scholar Crossref

Luqman, R. A., Farhan, H. M., Shahzad, F., & Shaheen, S. (2012). 21st century challenges of educational leaders, way out and need of reflective practice. International Journal of Learning and Development, 2(1), 195-208. https://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v2i1.1238

Google Scholar Crossref

Mayo, E. (1933). The human problems of an industrial civilization. Macmillan.

Google Scholar Crossref

Mayo, E. (1935). The blind spot in scientific management. In: Sixth International Management Congress: Reports and Proceedings. PS King.

Google Scholar Crossref

Mayo, E. (1945). The social problems of an industrial civilization. Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Google Scholar Crossref

McCann, J. T., Graves, D., & Cox, L. (2014). Servant leadership, employee satisfaction, and organizational performance in rural community hospitals. International Journal of Business and Management, 9(10), 28-38. https://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v9n10p28

Google Scholar Crossref

Miskel, C. G., Fevurly, R., & Stewart, J. (1979). Organizational structures and processes, perceived school effectiveness, loyalty, and job satisfaction. Educational Administration Quarterly, 15(3), 97-118. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ215952

Google Scholar Crossref

Nguni, S., Sleegers, P., & Denessen, E. (2006). Transformational and transactional leadership effects on teachers’ job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior in primary schools; The Tanzanian case. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 17, 145-177. https://doi.org/10.1080/09243450600565746

Google Scholar Crossref

Parris, D. L., & Peachey, J. W. (2013). A systematic literature review of servant leadership theory in organizational contexts. Journal of Business Ethics, 113(3), 377-393. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-012-1322-6

Google Scholar Crossref

Patterson, K. A. (2003). Servant leadership: A theoretical model. https://www.regent.edu/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/patterson_servant_leadership.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Raza, S. A. (2010). Relationship between organizational climate and performance of teachers in public and private colleges of Punjab (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). http//prr.hec.gov.pk/Thesis/201S.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

School Education Department (2021). Schools (by level). School information system. https://sis.punjab.gov.pk/stats

Google Scholar Crossref

Singh, S., & Ryhal, P. C. (2021). How does servant leadership behaviour affect job satisfaction? A study on Indian Academia. FIIB Business Review, 10(1), 52-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/2319714520968697

Google Scholar Crossref

Smith, C. (2005). The leadership theory of Robert K. Greenleaf. http://www.carolsmith.us/downloads/640greenleaf.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Spears, L. C. (2005). The understanding and practice of servant leadership. https://www.regent.edu/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/spears_practice.pdf

Google Scholar Crossref

Stewart, J. G. (2017). The importance of servant leadership in schools. International Journal of Business Management and Commerce, 2(5), 1-5. https://dx.doi.org/10.15740/has/ijcbm/10.2

Google Scholar Crossref

Stone, A. G., Russell, R. F., & Patterson, K. (2004). Transformational versus servant leadership: A difference in leader focus. The Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 25(4), 349-361. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437730410538671

Google Scholar Crossref

Van Dierendonck, D. (2011). Servant leadership: A review and synthesis. Journal of Management, 77(4), 1228-1261. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206310380462

Google Scholar Crossref

Van Dierendonck, D., & Nuijten, I. (2011). The servant leadership survey: Development and validation of a multidimensional measure. Journal of Business Psychology, 26(3), 249-267. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-010-9194-1

Google Scholar Crossref

Yasir, M., & Mohamad, N. A. (2016). Ethics and morality: Comparing ethical leadership with servant, authentic and transformational leadership styles. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(4), 310-316. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/366960

Google Scholar Crossref

Yuen, K. F., Loh, H. S., Zhou, Q., & Wong, Y. D. (2018). Determinants of job satisfaction and performance of seafarers. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 110, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2018.02.006

Google Scholar Crossref

Publicado

2023-01-16

Almetric

Dimensions

Cómo citar

Ahmad, S. ., Batool , A. ., & Abdullah, D. N. A. (2023). Perceived Servant Leadership Style of Principals Correlates with Job Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers in Pakistan. International Journal of Educational Leadership and Management, 11(1), 62–88. https://doi.org/10.17583/ijelm.9169

Número

Sección

Artí­culos