The concept and the name of Isolating Gender Violence


  • Ana Vidu Deusto University
  • Lidia Puigvert University of Barcelona
  • Ramon Flecha University of Barcelona
  • Garazi López de Aguileta University of Wisconsin-Madison



isolating gender violence, dialogic research, social impact, co-creation


In December 2020, the Catalan Parliament approved by unanimity the world’s first legislation of the concept of Isolating Gender Violence (IGV); in 2021, several parliaments are developing their own legislations. The elaboration of this concept and later this name has been a long and dialogic process among diverse scientists, policymakers, governments, parliaments, victims, survivors, social organizations and citizens. Since 2016, CREA (Community of Research on Excellence for All) has developed a process of elaborating the concept of IGV oriented to obtain the scientific, policy and social impact required to make a key contribution to overcoming gender violence. This process was simultaneous to the elaboration by the same researchers of the criteria of policy and societal impact of the EU’s scientific programme of research (Horizon Europe). This paper presents this dialogic research conducted to get the concept and the name IGV and the consequences of this concept along scientific, policy and social impact. The results show that the key for getting the name and the impacts of this scientific robust concept has been three of the main characteristics of the present EU research program Horizon Europe: the priority of social impact, the co-creation of knowledge between scientists and citizens and sustainability.


Download data is not yet available.


Banyard, V. L., Plante, E. G., Cohn, E. S., Moorhead, C. A., Ward, S. K., & Walsh, W. A. (2005). Revisiting unwanted sexual experiences on campus: a 12-year follow-up. Violence Against Women, 11(4), 426–446.

Banyard, V. L., Moynihan, M. M., Walsh, W., Cohn, E. S., & Ward, S. (2010). Friends of survivors: The community impact of unwanted sexual experiences. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(2), 242–256.

Benson, D. J., & Thomson, G. E. (1982). Sexual Harassment on a University Campus: the confluence of authority relations, sexual interest and gender stratification. Social Problems, 29(3), 236–251, doi: 10.2307/800157

Bishop, C., & Bettinson, V. (2017). Evidencing domestic violence, including behaviour that falls under the new offence of ‘controlling or coercive behaviour’”, The International Journal of Evidence & Proof, 22, 3-29.

Bybee, D., & Sullivan, C. M. (2005). Predicting re-victimization of battered women 3 years after exiting a shelter program. American Journal of Community Psychology, 36, 85–96. 6234-5

Choate, L. H. (2003). Sexual assault prevention programs for college men: An exploratory evaluation of the men against violence model. Journal of College Counseling, 6, 166–176, doi: 10.1002/j.2161- 1882.2003.tb00237.x/abstract

Clark, J. J., & Walker, R. (2011). Research Ethics in Victimization Studies: Widening the Lens. Violence against Women, 17(12), 1489–1508.

Coker, A., Bush, H. M., Fisher, B., Swan, S. C., Williams, C. M., Clear, M. R., & DeGue, S. (2016). Multi-college bystander intervention. Evaluation for violence prevention. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 50(3), 295–302.

Council of Europe. (2021). Types of gender-based violence. Available at: violence

Dziech, B., & Weiner, L. (1990). The lecherous professor: Sexual harassment on campus. University of Illinois Press.

European Commission. (2018). A new horizon for Europe: impact assessment of the 9th EU framework programme for research and innovation. Retrieved from European Commission website: 11e8-99ee-01aa75ed71a1/language-en/format-PDF/source-77975709

Flecha, R. (2018). Societal Impact. In P. van den Besselaar Ramon Flecha Alfred Radauer (Ed.), Monitoring the impact of EU Framework Programmes (pp. 43–78). Retrieved from

Gill, C., & Creutzfeldt, N. (2018). The ‘Ombuds Watchers’. Collective Dissent and Legal Protest Among Users of Public Services Ombuds. Social & Legal Studies, 27(3), 367-388.

Habermas, J. (1987). The theory of communicative action. V. 2. Lifeworld and system: A critique of functionalist reason. Boston, MA: Beacon Press

Hall, J. (1959). Razón y Realidad en el Derecho. Depalma, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Johnson Ross, F. (2018). From municipal feminism to the Equality Act – Legislation and gender equality work in UK local government 1980-2010. Women’s Studies International Forum, 66, 1-8.

Katz, J., Pazienza, R., Olin, R., Rich, H. (2015). That’s what friends are for: Bystander responses to friends or strangers at risk for party rape victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(16), 2775–2792.

Melgar, P., Geis, G., Flecha, R., & Soler, M. (2021). Fear to Retaliation: The Most Frequent Reason for Not Helping Victims of Gender Violence. International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences, Online First, 1-20. doi: 10.17583/rimcis.2021.8305

Morley, L. (2011). Sex, grades and power in higher education in Ghana and Tanzania. Cambridge Journal of Education, 41(1), 101–115.

Pulido, C., Villarejo, B., Vidu, A., Ramis, M. Flecha, R. (2021). “Voices against Silence”: A case study of the social impact of journalism. Feminist Media Studies, in press.

Reilly, M., Lott, B., Caldwell, D., & DeLuca, L. (1992). Tolerance for sexual harassment related to self-reported sexual victimization. Gender and Society, 6(1), 122–138.

Richman, J.A., Rospenda, K.M., Nawyn, S.J., Flaherty, J.A., Fendrich, M., Drum, M.L., & Johnson, T.P. (1999). Sexual harassment and generalized workplace abuse among university employees: prevalence and mental health correlates. American Journal of Public Health, 89(3), 358–363.

Rinehart, J. K., & Yeater, E. A. (2011). A qualitative analysis of sexual victimization narratives. Violence Against Women, 17(7), 925–943.

Sainio, M., Veenstra, R., Huitsing, G., & Salmivalli, C. (2011). Victims and Their Defenders: A Dyadic Approach. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 35, 144-51.

Serrano-Amaya, J. F., & Ríos-González, O. (2019). Introduction to the Special Issue: Challenges of LGBT research in the 21st century. International Sociology, 34(4), 371-381.

Schuck, A. M. (2018). Women in Policing and the Response to Rape: Representative Bureacucracy and Organizational Change. Feminist Criminology, 13(3), 237-259.

Torras-Gómez, E., Guo, M., & Ramis, M. (2019). Sociological theory from dialogic democracy. International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences, 8(3), 216–234.

Ullman, S., Starzynski, L. L., Long, S. M., Mason, G. E., & Long, L. M. (2008). Exploring the relationships of women’s sexual assault disclosure, social reactions, and problem drinking. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(9), 1235–1250.

Vidu, A., Tomás, G. & Flecha, R. (2021). Pioneer Legislation on Second Order of Sexual Harassment: Sociolegal Innovation in Addressing Sexual Harassment. Sex Res Soc Policy, online first. doi:

Von Ihering, R. (2003:1878). La Lucha por el Derecho. Biblioteca Virtual Universal.

WHO. (2017). Violence Against Women. Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Against Women. World Health Organization, Fact sheet, November 2017. Media Centre. Available at: women/facts-and-figures

WHO. (2021). Violence Against Women. Key facts. May 9, 2021. Media Center. Available at: sheets/detail/violence-against-women




How to Cite

Vidu, A., Puigvert, L., Flecha, R., & López de Aguileta, G. (2021). The concept and the name of Isolating Gender Violence. Multidisciplinary Journal of Gender Studies, 10(2), 176–200.