Well-being of older persons in Central and Eastern European countries

Radoslaw Antczak, Asghar Zaidi

Abstract


 Central and Eastern Europe is a unique region in terms of its social, economic and

demographic trends, particularly because of legacy of the communist system and

transformation to a market system. The transition coincided with a rapid

demographic change in which younger generation was able to reorganise themselves

relatively easily whereas older people found this change much more difficult. This

paper builds a picture of well-being of older population in eight Eastern European

countries: Albania, Armenia, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and

Ukraine and compares it to eight other European Union (EU) member States of the

same region. We used the Global AgeWatch Index – an analytical framework of

Zaidi (2013 ) offering comparative analysis of older people’s well-being across the

world. It is extended by gender-specific analysis for two domains: health status and

capability. The results show that the combined Index value of eight Eastern and

South-Eastern non-EU countries is considerably below the average observed for

eight EU member States, however, in some individual indicators, some of the non-

EU states performed better than the EU countries. The evidence summarised can be

used to assess the position of the region and points to areas where policy changes are

necessary.


Keywords


population ageing, well-being of older persons, ageing policy, Central and Eastern Europe

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17583/rasp.2018.3109

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RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy | ISSN: 2014-671X

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